A landscape is defined as the visible elements of a piece of land, including its landforms and how they interact with natural or man-made structures. A landscape consists of the physical elements of geophysically defined landforms such as (ice-capped) mountains, hills, water bodies such as rivers, lakes, ponds, and the sea, living elements of land cover such as indigenous vegetation, human elements such as various forms of land use, buildings, and structures, and transitory elements such as lighting and weather conditions. Landscapes express a live synthesis of people and place that is crucial to local and national identity by combining both their physical roots and the cultural overlay of human presence, which is typically formed over millennia.
The nature of a landscape contributes to the self-image of the people who live there, as well as a feeling of place that distinguishes one region from another. It provides a vibrant backdrop to people’s lives. Farmland, a landscape park, or the wilderness are all examples of landscape. Landscapes on Earth range from cold polar landscapes to mountainous landscapes, enormous dry desert landscapes, islands, and coastal landscapes, heavily forested or woodland landscapes such as past boreal forests and tropical rainforests, and agricultural landscapes of temperate and tropical areas. Landscape design is the process of changing the visual aspects of a piece of land.